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アイテムタイプ Paper/Presentation
DOI
オリジナルDOI
10.1016/j.jinsphys.2004.11.018
言語
English
PubMedID
15749108
タイトル
The spatial resolutions of the apposition compound eye and its neuro-sensory feature detectors: observation versus theory.
キーワードリスト
概要
For 100 years three ideas dominated efforts to understand the apposition compound eye. In Muller's theory, the eye viewed the panorama through an array of little windows without overlaps and without gaps, with no details within windows. Spatial resolution then depended on the interommatidial angle (Deltaphi) and the number of ommatidia. In the second proposal, the insect detected the temporal modulation of the light, which was limited by the aperture of the lens and the wavelength, assuming good focus. Modulation is the change of intensity in the receptor, usually caused by motion of a spatial contrast in the stimulus. Thirdly, motion was detected from the successive temporal modulations at adjacent visual axes. Recently, two more principles arose. The light-sensitive elements, called rhabdomeres, project through the nodal point of the lens to the outside world, and the resolution was limited by their grain size, like the pixels in a digital camera. Finally, detection of contrast and colour was limited by the signal/noise ratio (SNR) which was improved by brighter light and more visual pigment. These five physical principles provide satisfying explanations of eye function but they all originated from theory. Actual measurements of resolution depend on the operation of the test. The visual system of the honeybee recognizes a limited variety of simple cues, but there is no evidence that the pattern of ommatidial stimulation is re-assembled, or even seen. The known cues are: the temporal modulation of groups of receptors, the direction and angular velocity of motion, some measure of the spatial disruption of the pattern or the length of edge (related to spatial frequency and contrast), colour, the intensity, the position of the centre and the size of large well-separated areas of black or colour, the angle of orientation of a bar or grating, radial or tangential edges, and bilateral symmetry. Neurons connected to more than two adjacent ommatidia collaborate in the detection of cues, and the resolution depends on the neuro-sensory feature detectors at work at the time. Although some behavioural and electrophysiological measurements give a spatial resolution similar to the interommatidial angle, different spatial properties of neuro-sensory detectors predominate at different light intensities and with a diurnal rhythm. During the long history of this topic, the belief that the resolution ought to be Deltaphi has frequently been overturned by experimental measurement.
最終更新日
Mar 18, 2018 15:21:35
登録日
Mar 18, 2018 15:21:35
登録者
shu
更新履歴
Mar 18, 2018    Modified; インデックス.
著者
Horridge A
ジャーナル名
J Insect Physiol
会議
出版年
2005
51
ページ
243-66
インデックス
/ Public / Paper / Reference Papers
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https://invbrain.neuroinf.jp/modules/PubMedPDF/paper_desc.php?id=800